Source code for pyquickhelper.cli.cli_helper

Automate the creation of a parser based on a function.

from __future__ import print_function
import argparse
import inspect
import re
from fire.docstrings import parse

[docs]def clean_documentation_for_cli(doc, cleandoc): """ Cleans the documentation before integrating into a command line documentation. :param doc: documentation :param cleandoc: a string which tells how to clean, or a function which takes a function and returns a string The function removes everything after ``.. cmdref::`` and ``.. cmdreflist`` as it creates an infinite loop of processus if this command is part of the documentation of the command line itself. :githublink:`%|py|25` """ for st in ('.. versionchanged::', '.. versionadded::', '.. cmdref::', '.. cmdreflist::'): if st in doc: doc = doc.split(st)[0] if isinstance(cleandoc, (list, tuple)): for cl in cleandoc: doc = clean_documentation_for_cli(doc, cl) return doc else: if isinstance(cleandoc, str): if cleandoc == 'epkg': reg = re.compile('(:epkg:(`[0-9a-zA-Z_:.*]+`))') fall = reg.findall(doc) for c in fall: doc = doc.replace(c[0], c[1].replace(':', '.')) return doc elif cleandoc == 'link': reg = re.compile('(`(.+?) <.+?>`_)') fall = reg.findall(doc) for c in fall: doc = doc.replace(c[0], c[1].replace(':', '.')) return doc else: raise ValueError( # pragma: no cover "cleandoc='{0}' is not implemented, only 'epkg'.".format(cleandoc)) elif callable(cleandoc): return cleandoc(doc) else: raise ValueError( # pragma: no cover "cleandoc is not a string or a callable object but {0}".format(type(cleandoc)))
[docs]def create_cli_parser(f, prog=None, layout="sphinx", skip_parameters=('fLOG',), cleandoc=("epkg", "link"), positional=None, cls=None, **options): """ Automatically creates a parser based on a function, its signature with annotation and its documentation (assuming this documentation is written using :epkg:`Sphinx` syntax). :param f: function :param prog: to give the parser a different name than the function name :param use_sphinx: simple documentation only requires :epkg:`docutils`, richer requires :epkg:`sphinx` :param skip_parameters: do not expose these parameters :param cleandoc: cleans the documentation before converting it into text, :func:`clean_documentation_for_cli <pyquickhelper.cli.cli_helper.clean_documentation_for_cli>` :param options: additional :epkg:`Sphinx` options :param positional: positional argument :param cls: parser class, :epkg:`*py:argparse:ArgumentParser` by default :return: :epkg:`*py:argparse:ArgumentParser` If an annotation offers mutiple types, the first one will be used for the command line. .. versionchanged:: 1.9 Parameters *cls*, *positional* were added. :githublink:`%|py|82` """ # delayed import to speed up import. # from ..helpgen import docstring2html if "@param" in f.__doc__: raise RuntimeError( # pragma: no cover "@param is not allowed in documentation for function '{}' in '{}'.".format( f, f.__module__)) docf = clean_documentation_for_cli(f.__doc__, cleandoc) fulldocinfo = parse(docf) docparams = {} for arg in fulldocinfo.args: if in docparams: raise ValueError( # pragma: no cover "Parameter '{0}' is documented twice.\n{1}".format(, docf)) docparams[] = arg.description # add arguments with the signature signature = inspect.signature(f) parameters = signature.parameters if cls is None: cls = argparse.ArgumentParser parser = cls(prog=prog or f.__name__, description=fulldocinfo.summary, formatter_class=argparse.ArgumentDefaultsHelpFormatter) if skip_parameters is None: skip_parameters = [] names = {"h": "already taken"} for k, p in parameters.items(): if k in skip_parameters: continue if k not in docparams: raise ValueError( # pragma: no cover "Parameter '{0}' is not documented in\n{1}.".format(k, docf)) create_cli_argument(parser, p, docparams[k], names, positional) # end return parser
[docs]def create_cli_argument(parser, param, doc, names, positional): """ Adds an argument for :epkg:`*py:argparse:ArgumentParser`. :param parser: :epkg:`*py:argparse:ArgumentParser` :param param: parameter (from the signature) :param doc: documentation for this parameter :param names: for shortnames :param positional: positional arguments If an annotation offers mutiple types, the first one will be used for the command line. .. versionchanged:: 1.9 Parameter *positional* was added. :githublink:`%|py|137` """ p = param if p.annotation and p.annotation != inspect._empty: typ = p.annotation else: typ = type(p.default) if typ is None: raise ValueError( # pragma: no cover "Unable to infer type of '{0}' ({1})".format(, p)) if len( > 3: shortname =[0] if shortname in names: shortname =[0:2] if shortname in names: shortname =[0:3] if shortname in names: shortname = None else: shortname = None if in names: raise ValueError( # pragma: no cover "You should change the name of parameter '{0}'".format( if positional is not None and in positional: pnames = [] else: pnames = ["--" +] if shortname: pnames.insert(0, "-" + shortname) names[shortname] = if isinstance(typ, list): # Multiple options for the same parameter typ = typ[0] if typ in (int, str, float, bool): default = None if p.default == inspect._empty else p.default if typ == bool: # see def typ_(s): return s.lower() in {'true', 't', 'yes', '1'} typ = typ_ if default is not None: parser.add_argument(*pnames, type=typ, help=doc, default=default) else: parser.add_argument(*pnames, type=typ, help=doc) elif typ is None or str(typ) == "<class 'NoneType'>": parser.add_argument(*pnames, type=str, help=doc, default="") elif str(typ) == "<class 'type'>": # Positional argument parser.add_argument(*pnames, help=doc) else: raise NotImplementedError( # pragma: no cover "typ='{0}' not supported (parameter '{1}'). \n" "None should be replaced by an empty string \n" "as empty value are received that way.".format(typ, p))
[docs]def call_cli_function(f, args=None, parser=None, fLOG=print, skip_parameters=('fLOG',), cleandoc=("epkg", 'link'), prog=None, **options): """ Calls a function *f* given parsed arguments. :param f: function to call :param args: arguments to parse (if None, it considers sys.argv) :param parser: parser (can be None, in that case, :func:`create_cli_parser <pyquickhelper.cli.cli_helper.create_cli_parser>` is called) :param fLOG: logging function :param skip_parameters: see :func:`create_cli_parser <pyquickhelper.cli.cli_helper.create_cli_parser>` :param cleandoc: cleans the documentation before converting it into text, :func:`clean_documentation_for_cli <pyquickhelper.cli.cli_helper.clean_documentation_for_cli>` :param prog: to give the parser a different name than the function name :param options: additional :epkg:`Sphinx` options :return: the output of the wrapped function This function is used in command line :func:`pyq_sync <pyquickhelper.cli.pyq_sync_cli.pyq_sync>`. Its code can can be used as an example. The command line can be tested as: :: class TextMyCommandLine(unittest.TestCase): def test_mycommand_line_help(self): fLOG( __file__, self._testMethodName, OutputPrint=__name__ == "__main__") rows = [] def flog(*l): rows.append(l) mycommand_line(args=['-h'], fLOG=flog) r = rows[0][0] if not r.startswith("usage: mycommand_line ..."): raise Exception(r) :githublink:`%|py|238` """ if parser is None: parser = create_cli_parser(f, prog=prog, skip_parameters=skip_parameters, cleandoc=cleandoc, **options) if args is not None and (args == ['--help'] or args == ['-h']): # pylint: disable=R1714 fLOG(parser.format_help()) else: try: args = parser.parse_args(args=args) except SystemExit as e: # pragma: no cover if fLOG: fLOG("Unable to parse argument due to '{0}':".format(e)) fLOG(" ", " ".join(args)) fLOG("") fLOG(parser.format_usage()) args = None if args is not None: signature = inspect.signature(f) parameters = signature.parameters kwargs = {} has_flog = False for k in parameters: if k == "fLOG": has_flog = True continue if hasattr(args, k): val = getattr(args, k) if val == '': val = None kwargs[k] = val if has_flog: res = f(fLOG=fLOG, **kwargs) else: res = f(**kwargs) if res is not None: if isinstance(res, str): fLOG(res) elif isinstance(res, list): for el in res: fLOG(el) elif isinstance(res, dict): for k, v in sorted(res.items()): fLOG("{0}: {1}".format(k, v)) return res return None
[docs]def guess_module_name(fct): """ Guesses the module name based on a function. :param fct: function :return: module name :githublink:`%|py|292` """ mod = fct.__module__ spl = mod.split('.') name = spl[0] if name == 'src': return spl[1] else: return spl[0]
[docs]def cli_main_helper(dfct, args, fLOG=print): """ Implements the main commmand line for a module. :param dfct: dictionary ``{ key: fct }`` :param args: arguments :param fLOG: logging function :return: the output of the wrapped function The function makes it quite simple to write a file ```` which implements the syntax ``python -m <module> <command> <arguments>``. Here is an example of implementation based on this function: :: import sys def main(args, fLOG=print): ''' Implements ``python -m pyquickhelper <command> <args>``. :param args: command line arguments :param fLOG: logging function ''' try: from .pandashelper import df2rst from .pycode import clean_files from .cli import cli_main_helper except ImportError: from pyquickhelper.pandashelper import df2rst from pyquickhelper.pycode import clean_files from pyquickhelper.cli import cli_main_helper fcts = dict(df2rst=df2rst, clean_files=clean_files) cli_main_helper(fcts, args=args, fLOG=fLOG) if __name__ == "__main__": main(sys.argv[1:]) The function takes care of the parsing of the command line by leveraging the signature and the documentation of the function if its docstring is written in :epkg:`rst` format. For example, function :func:`clean_files <pyquickhelper.pycode.clean_helper.clean_files>` is automatically wrapped with function :func:`call_cli_function <pyquickhelper.cli.cli_helper.call_cli_function>`. The command ``python -m pyquickhelper clean_files --help`` produces the following output: .. cmdref:: :title: Clean files :cmd: -m pyquickhelper clean_files --help The command line cleans files in a folder. The command line can be replaced by a GUI triggered with the following command line. It relies on module :epkg`tkinterquickhelper`. See :func:`call_gui_function <pyquickhelper.cli.cli_helper.call_gui_function>`. :: python -u -m <module> --GUI :githublink:`%|py|366` """ if fLOG is None: raise ValueError("fLOG must be defined.") # pragma: no cover first = None for _, v in dfct.items(): first = v break if not first: raise ValueError("dictionary must not be empty.") # pragma: no cover def print_available(): maxlen = max(map(len, dfct)) + 3 fLOG("Available commands:") fLOG("") for a, fct in sorted(dfct.items()): doc = fct.__doc__.strip("\r\n ").split("\n")[0] fLOG(" " + a + " " * (maxlen - len(a)) + doc) modname = guess_module_name(first) if len(args) < 1: fLOG("Usage:") fLOG("") fLOG(" python -m {0} <command>".format(modname)) fLOG("") fLOG("To get help:") fLOG("") fLOG(" python -m {0} <command> --help".format(modname)) fLOG("") print_available() return None else: cmd = args[0] cp = args.copy() del cp[0] if cmd in dfct: fct = dfct[cmd] sig = inspect.signature(fct) if 'args' not in sig.parameters or 'fLOG' not in sig.parameters: return call_cli_function(fct, prog=cmd, args=cp, fLOG=fLOG, skip_parameters=('fLOG', )) else: return fct(args=cp, fLOG=fLOG) elif cmd in ('--GUI', '-G', "--GUITEST"): return call_gui_function(dfct, fLOG=fLOG, utest=cmd == "--GUITEST") else: fLOG("Command not found: '{0}'.".format(cmd)) fLOG("") print_available() return None
[docs]def call_gui_function(dfct, fLOG=print, utest=False): """ Opens a GUI based on :epkg:`tkinter` which allows the user to run a command line through a windows. The function requires :epkg:`tkinterquickhelper`. :param dfct: dictionary ``{ key: fct }`` :param args: arguments :param utest: for unit test purposes, does not start the main loop if True This GUI can be triggered with the following command line: :: python -m <module> --GUI If one of your function prints out some information or raises an exception, option ``-u`` should be added: :: python -u -m <module> --GUI :githublink:`%|py|440` """ try: import tkinterquickhelper except ImportError: # pragma: no cover print("Option --GUI requires module tkinterquickhelper to be installed.") tkinterquickhelper = None if tkinterquickhelper: memo = dfct dfct = {} for k, v in memo.items(): sig = inspect.signature(v) pars = list(sorted(sig.parameters)) if pars == ["args", "fLOG"]: continue dfct[k] = v from tkinterquickhelper.funcwin import main_loop_functions first = None for _, v in dfct.items(): first = v break modname = guess_module_name(first) win = main_loop_functions(dfct, title="{0} command line".format(modname), mainloop=not utest) return win return None