2015-04-17 Producing a version for Python 2.7 from Python 3¶

I tried to make most of the unit tests run under Python 2.7. Most of the function deals with strings for the documentation and it is a real pain to think again about str, unicode, bytes. Some of the functions only works in Python 3 but the goal was more to see what needed to be done.

The first issue came from exception:

except Exception as e:
    raise Exception("other message") from e

This syntax is not available and to avoid losing it, I decided to have two separate versions of the same module. I created a function py3to2_convert_tree <pyquickhelper.pycode.py3to2.py3to2_convert_tree> which copies the source and deals with this case (it removes everything it can).

I also had an issue with code like isinstance(v, long) as the long type does not exists. So I added the string int #long# to be replaced by long by a function. The one I use the most is str  #unicode# replaced by unicode.

The second issue is the function open. I usually use the following trick:

if sys.version_info[0]==2:
    from codecs import open

It does not solve everything (strings become unicode) and will melt with strings because I do not use u"..." which I could implement in the function py3to2_convert_tree <pyquickhelper.pycode.py3to2.py3to2_convert_tree>.

Running out of courage, I disabled some unit tests because they were not passing due to the encoding issues. I had to add in some files but maybe I should have added that everywhere:

from __future__ import print_function

The following is added everywhere:

from __future__ import unicode_literals